Archive for November, 2006

Another catching up?

November 23, 2006 Leave a comment

Business education, mainly in MBA program, always attract attentions from media and business world.

Even language of instruction may be a barrier for businesses programs and schools in non-English countries to be considered in those worldwide rankings, such as those in Financial Times, Business Week, The Economist, or The Wall Street Journal. Most programs in non English speaking countries developed English taught program or cooperate with schools in other English spoken countries. However, it is not to say there is no market for those non-English taught programs

While booming of MBA programs in China has reported by Fortune, Business Week, it is quite reasonable to doubt where is the position of business education in Taiwan? Apparently, both parties have similar cultural and language background, and the history for Taiwan in having capitalism market and business education is longer than China. Why can’t business education in Taiwan take a leader position or take a part for leading the development of business education in China?

One can use following aspects to answer this question:

1. Apparently, political argument makes these two market system can’t dialog as normal as with other markets. Therefore, business schools in Taiwan cannot have more proactive ways to entry into China market.

2. Is business education in Taiwan or leading figures in business education have no intention to play as the leading role for booming up business education in so called great Chinese market, but hand over that leading position to Hong Kong, Singapore or elsewhere?

It is certainly that there are some people work as the individual to participate the development of business education in China, whether through funding support likes Guanghua School of Management, Peking Univ., or taking the visiting or permanent positions.

Another interesting issues is about the development of professional organizations in business and management education, or called as developing the professionalism for business academic in great Chinese context. Again, one may claim Taiwan may also lose its position to take the lead for developing professionalism for business and management education in the region, comparing with the aggressive development of IACMR, for instance.

Even Chinese Management Association has presented for years, what it has done is more like an consulting service provider rather than the community of practices both for academic and practitioners.

So, one may argue does Taiwan have any academic professional organization in the field of business and management, run like IACMR or EIASM

Or we should hold back our critics , because CMA also published some academic journals and workshops occasionally?

Of course one can not ignore efforts of individual scholars for promoting professional development in the region. However, could management and business education in Taiwan can find back its leading position or play a more proactive role in academic community in the regional and/or worldwide scale?


Bennis, W. G., & O’ Toole, J. 2005. How business schools lost their way. Harvard Business Review, May, 96-104

Categories: Education, Research

Strategy-as-Distributed Phronesis

November 14, 2006 Leave a comment

I just heard Professor Nonaka’s presentation about “strategy- as-distributed phronesis” at JAIST Forum 2006.

Because this work is still working in progress, there is no particular hard-copy or electronic file for further dissemination yet, except one Japanese article published in Hitotsubashi Business Review (Nonaka & Toyama, 2005)

After listening the whole presentation, I have some ideas and list them as follows. I believe some omissions in the presentation were made incidentally, while other conceptual discussions may interest for developing this potential master piece. (The page number mentioned is corresponding to the number appeared in the handout)
1.In the second slide, the description about “Evolutionary Economics” may mislead, the description is more like bounded rationality, rather than evolutionary economic, even that may similar as path dependence that proposed in the filed of evolutionary economics. I wounder a description about evolutionary process of organization routines under the consideration of path dependence, may be an more proper statement or other one may refer from Nelson and Winter (1982).

2. While we mentioned about phronesis, it is more like focus on the individual or a group of top executive, unless the ideas of strategy as the distributed phronesis solely focus on the leadership at the top executive, one inevitable inquiry would be how to transfer or spread that kind of practical wisdom to others with and beyond the organizational boundary.
If one only looks at the case of 7-11 Japan, it’s more likely imply so called phronesis is capable to be found or presented at the front line and shop floor, but most content of the presentation put more concentration at how those company leader or founder think, that may confuse the applicability of “strategy as the distributed phronesis

3. On Page 4, it mentioned phronesis “can acquire only through high quality direct experience”, a following inquiry one may ask would be “how to identify or just which kind of experience are capable to treat as high quality” and how to gain/access them? Apparently these two questions could be the following work for one expect to develop the phroneis based view.

4. On page 10, it mentioned to use language/concepts/ narratives, could it’s possible to be any hand on experience or effective routines to do that? or the phronesis based view just discern these differences but focus on more qualitative approaches?

5. On page 12, only timing and emotion have put into consider for making political judgment, may it miss the idea of political dependence between one making the judgment and those may be affected by that judgment? or one may doubt that could judgment maker ignore the power / political dependence among others for making that judgment?6. On page 19, co-creation may more close to the real world rather than creation, if we consider the context of service delivery process, or case of 7-11.


I found the the presenation material has prsented at Executive Academy, Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration Austria on October 12, 2006. Those who may interest his presentation can try to access:


Nonaka, I. & Toyama, R. 2005. Strategy-as phronesis. Hitotsubashi Business Review, Winter, 88-103. (In Japanese)

Nelson, R. R., & Winter, S. G. 1982. An evolutionary theory of economic change. MA: The Belknap of Harvard University Press.

Categories: Research